《佛山市人民政府关于限制黑烟车上路行驶的通告》的政策解读

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《佛山市人民政府关于限制黑烟车上路行驶的通告》的政策解读

 

    一、背景和目的

佛山市机动车保有量达到260万量,其中汽车已超过200万辆。根据科研单位开展的PM2.5来源解析研究成果,2016年机动车贡献率达32%。近年来,我市根据大气污染防治法、广东省机动车排气污染防治条例,切实开展了一系列机动车污染防治工作,包括机动车定期检验、路检、场检、以及黄标车、黑烟车抓拍等工作,获得了一定的成效特别是强有力黄标车淘汰工作,有效地扭转了机动车污染持续上升的势态,与此同时,黑烟车问题愈发突出,成为我市机动车污染的重要来源之一。

黑烟车属于高污染车的典型代表,同时也是可吸入颗粒物排放的主要车型。根据我市黑烟车举报数据及黑烟车电子抓拍系统统计的数据显示,80%以上的黑烟车主要是柴油类的营运车(货车、厢式货车)。从2012年8月起,我市开展铁腕整治黑烟车专项行动。专项行动开展五年来,虽然取得了一定的成效,但黑烟车违法上路现象还时有发生。

2016年5月佛山市通过地方人大立法出台了《佛山市机动车和非道路移动机械排气污染防治条例》,《条例》中明确规定,“市人民政府可对排放黑烟等可视污染物的机动车采取限制行驶区域等排气污染防治的交通管制措施”。为进一步加大力度查处黑烟车,禁止黑烟车上路行驶,结合我市实际,特制定《佛山市人民政府关于限制黑烟车上路行驶的通告》

    二、依据

通告》的制定依据《中华人民共和国道路交通安全法》、《广东省道路交通安全条例》《广东省机动车排气污染防治条例》、《广东省机动车排气污染防治实施方案》、《广东省珠江三角洲大气污染防治办法》、《中华人民共和国公安部令》(第123号)、《佛山市机动车和非道路移动机械排气污染防治条例》等法律法规和文件规定。

    三、主要内容及需要说明的问题

   (一)关于限行政策的制定。

《佛山市机动车和非道路移动机械排气污染防治条例》第十四条明确规定,“市人民政府可对排放黑烟等可视污染物的机动车采取限制行驶区域等排气污染防治的交通管制措施。《条例》实施后,为进一步加大黑烟车治理力度,推进我市机动车污染防治工作,加快做好条例相关措施的落实执行,市政府制定了《佛山市人民政府关于限制黑烟车上路行驶的通告》                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

   (二)关于佛山市黑烟车限行时间和区域的规定

2017年11月1日,全天24小时禁止黑烟车在我市行政区域内道路(包含佛山“一环”公路)通行

   (三)关于车辆违反限行规定的处罚措施

    根据《广东省道路交通安全条例》第59条第1款第13项“驾驶机动车有下列行为之一的,责令改正,处警告或者二百元罚款:(十三)违反禁令标志、禁止标线指示的”;根据《中华人民共和国公安部令》(第123号)的附件2《道路交通安全违法行为记分分值》第3条第8款规定,“三、机动车驾驶人有下列违法行为之一,一次记3分:(八)驾驶机动车违反禁令标志、禁止标线指示的”;因此通告》规定,试行期届满后,对违规进入限行区域的行为,由公安交通管理部门处以200元罚款并记3分。

根据《佛山市机动车和非道路移动机械排气污染防治条例》第二十四条“环境保护主管部门、公安机关交通管理部门可以依据现场检查监测、电子监控、摄像拍照、自动监测、遥感监测、远红外摄像等方式,进行监督检查”,《通告》规定,车辆违规进入限行区域的,由公安机关交通管理部门进行处罚

   (四)关于黑烟车限行标志牌

黑烟车限行标志牌样式为:主标为国家规定的“禁止机动车通行”禁令标志,下面辅以“黑烟车、排放检验不合格机动车”等文字(见下图)。

   

  

   (六)关于“黑烟车”的定义

《佛山市机动车和非道路移动机械排气污染防治条例》规定市人民政府可对排放黑烟等可视污染物的机动车采取限制行驶区域等排气污染防治的交通管制措施,同时明确环境保护主管部门、公安机关交通管理部门可以依据摄像拍照进行监督检查。因此《通告》附则明确黑烟车是排放黑烟等可视污染物的机动车。

五、《通告》实施的有效期限

为持续推进我市机动车污染防治工作,《佛山市人民政府关于限制黑烟车上路行驶的通告》实施期限为长期实施。

附件下载:佛府〔2017〕81号 佛山市人民政府关于限制黑烟车上路行驶的通告(盖章).pdf