German Media: Why does the expected baby boom not show?
2016.11.25 Source: 转载 [ Print ] [ Close ]

According to the report of DW Chinese website on Oct. 10th, even after the canceling of family planning policy, the expected baby boom doesn’t show in China, because the cost of raising a child is so high.

The change of China’s family planning policy can be shown in Yichang. In 2016, this city has required civil servants, in the form of open letter, to follow the advocacies of “young people beginning from themselves and elder people educating and supervising their own children” to “publicize the advantage of two children and crisis of single child, in order to stimulate the identification of the public, especially women of childbearing age, for raising their second children”.

China needs more children. According to its demographic census, China’s population in 2010 was 1.3 billion, with elder population over 65 years old as 185 million, accounting for 13% of the total population. Experts predicted that China’s elder population would be 300 million in 2026.

At the beginning of this year, China officially implemented the second-child policy comprehensively. During the period between 2014 and 2016, China implemented the “selective two-child policy”. However, the expected baby boom didn’t show. According to the official statistics, the birth rate in 2015 even decreased by 320,000, compared to that of the previous year.

Some parents are worried that they can not afford to raise children, because the cost is very high for food, clothes, medical care and education of children. The initiator of Yichang open letter Chen Tianming also understood it. In his letter, he wrote that the municipal government would take a series of welfare measures to reduce parents’ concerns of medical care and education issues for their children.

However, the public are still confused; and there is no concrete measure able to convince those parents to raise their second children. Many netizens have posted in social media: “giving birth to a baby needs no money, yet raising a baby costs a lot.”

It is reported that infant milk power products were once out of stock in some supermarkets in Germany, due to the huge demand from China and the suppliers’ inability to supply. Influenced by Melamine tainted milk powder, Chinese parents don’t want to purchase milk power made in China. According to a questionnaire survey made by CCTV in 2011, 70% of interviewees didn’t trust the milk power made in China. However, the high prices of milk power imported from Germany mean that parents have to pay the double price to buy a box of HIPP or APTAMIL milk powder. It is quite a huge pressure for parents, even the ones living in coastal provinces with advanced economy.

Furthermore, along with the growth of children, they need to be enrolled in kindergartens and primary schools. It costs EURO 200-500 per month for a good kindergarten, dependent on different cities. Public schools are free; yet those good ones charge for various excuses. Many parents with great ambitions for their children will try their best to send their children to good schools at any cost.

In order to acquire the enrollment opportunity as community citizens, many parents purchase their second properties around good schools, namely the so-called school-nearby houses, which have further promoted the local house prices.

Sociologist Yang Qing criticized the second-child policy: “look at the younger generation, they have to pay their house mortgages, some of them even don’t have their own houses, so that they could only be single for a long time. Have a wife? Just make dreams! How could they raise a second child? They could only shrewd in money matters under such a situation.”

Hong Kong Media: There will definitely be female astronauts in Chinese space station with better space meals.

According to the report in South China Morning Post website on Oct. 8th, the first female astronaut said on Oct. 7th that females were sure to appear in Chinese space station to be completed in 2022.

“There will definitely be female astronauts in space station,” said astronaut Liu Yang in Hong Kong on Oct. 7th.

Chairman of CASC Lei Fanpei told Xinhua News Agency that China planned to launch the experimental core module of space station around 2018.

It is reported that Liu Yang was the first Chinese woman entering into the space by Shenzhou-9 spacecraft in 2012.

It is reported that China is the third country in the world, after Soviet and America, that sends women into space by its independent technologies.

The second female astronaut in China Wang Yaping entered into the space in 2013.

According to Liu Yang, Chinese scientists have been working hard to improve the living conditions in spacecrafts, in order to prepare for more manned missions.

“Shenzhou-11 will be equipped with better space meals”, she said, “astronauts will eat porridges in the space”.

She said that she was once eager to eat porridges when executing a mission with another astronaut.

She said that scientists had also been working hard to develop shower facility in space station.

It is reported that Liu Yang once told national media that the astronaut who would go to Tiangong-2 by Shenzhou-11 later this month would be two male astronauts. (Compile by Wang Diqing)