A Female Revolutionary – He Xiangning
2009.05.18

While she was still a little girl, He Xiangning loved to hear the story about the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and was against women’s feet binding convention in Feudal China. She married Liao Zhongkai in October, 1897 and went with him in 1902 to Japan and studied in TokyoMeijiro Women’s University, Women’s Normal School and Women’s Fine Arts School successively. When she got to know Sun Yat-sen in 1903, she began to throw herself into the democratic revolutionary movement. In July, 1905, she engaged in the founding of Tung Meng Hui (the Chinese Revolutionary League), responsible for the promotion of revolution and liaison work. He came back to Guangzhou with her husband after the Revolution of 1911. When the “Second Revolution” broke out, she took part in the campaign to overthrow Yuan Shikai which failed. He was forced to flee to Japan where she joined the Revolutionary Party of China.Later she assisted Sun in reorganizing the party into Kuomintang with Liao and was elected minister for women and member of central committee of the party. He called on women to take part in the revolution and organized women’s federations in all walks of life. She persisted in the fight against Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang right-wingers after the assassination of Liao. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, she vigorously devoted herself to the Movement of Resistance Against Japan and National Salvation and set up national salvation organizations in various circles in the country with Shen Junru and other revolutionaries. She organized Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang in 1948. After the liberation of China in 1949, He was elected vice-chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, chairman of the central committee of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang, honorary chairman of All-China Women's Federation, chairman of China Artists Association, chairman of Overseas Chinese Affairs Committee and other posts. He was good at traditional Chinese painting.